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Helsinki, FI
Immortal since Nov 23, 2009
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Jarno M. Koponen - designer and humanist, more
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    Where forward thinking terrestrials share ideas and information about the state of the species, their planet and the universe, living the lives of science fiction. Introduction
    Featuring Powers of Ten by Charles and Ray Eames, based on an idea by Kees Boeke.

    Did you intentionally search for the things that came to be the most significant things in your life? Or did you discover them by surprise, bumping into them almost accidentally?

    In our daily lives, there’s a huge difference between “searching” and “discovering”.

    Searching is almost always intentional and directed towards a certain outcome or end. When I know that I want or need something, I make an intentional effort to find it. I search for a map and real-time traffic information when I need to know what’s the fastest way to get from A to B. I search for a recipe when I need to cook a specific dish. On the internet, you press the “Search” button when you know what you want.

    When did you last search for a great new music piece and actually find it while searching? How often do we know exactly what we want? Or more precisely - how often do we know what's the exact question or keyword that will help us to find the answer we are seeking? Now we are stepping into the realm of discovery...

    On the internet, you press the “Search” button when you know what you want

    Discovery is something that can happen without any intentional effort. A discovery occurs when I run into a great restaurant while I'm just wandering the streets of an unknown city. Or I meet an interesting person in a party even though I wasn’t looking for that kind of a person at all. Or I find a brilliant book because it had been accidentally left open in the bookshelf in a bookstore. You know what I mean? But do you know what the “Discover” button looks like?

    Do you know what the “Discover” button looks like?

    Discovery belongs to the realm of serendipity. It's considered to be something magical and even mysterious. Something that cannot be anticipated or even prepared for. It can just happen. Simultaneously a true discovery can be something that meets a prolonged need or craving in a particular place and time. In a discovery, the seeds of possible futures surface almost unexpectedly. An implicit or explicit longing, intention or wish turns into something very concrete.

    The chance for an everyday discovery, no matter how small it might be, keeps us going and our lives meaningful

    In our daily lives, search and discovery blend. Sometimes you search for something and end up discovering a close match or something totally different. Search can thus unintentionally lead to a discovery. However, you might have to have a right mind set. "In the fields of observation chance favors only the prepared mind", as "the famous French microbiologist": put it. All the same, you didn’t have a clue what that discovery might be while you were searching for that particular something. Discovery has magic in it - it's all about emotions and we are guided by them.

    We are interested in what we are today but we are even more interested in what we can become in the future. We live for discoveries.

    Our personal futures are affected by the interplay of search and discovery. We are interested in what we are today but we are even more interested in what we can become in the future. By actively searching for information we map the things that we are somewhat aware of. By discovering something new we go beyond the familiar, even beyond ourselves. Our future horizon opens up. The chance for an everyday discovery, no matter how small it might be, keeps us going and our lives meaningful. We live for discoveries.

    By discovering something new we go beyond the familiar, even beyond ourselves. Suddenly our future horizon opens up.

    So can one act proactively to discover something remarkable or mundane? Can one rehearse to make everyday discoveries more efficiently? When does discovering turn into a search for something particular? What is the killer app or service for making discoveries happen?

    There are tools for searching, why not to make an exceptional one for discovery too. A solution that truly cherishes the “human spark". A solution that helps us to spot the new meaningful and interesting things amongst the noise around us. You never know what futureful discoveries are around the corner, do you?

    UPDATE (April 7, 2014): Check out Random app now!

    Photo by Arkku
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    During the last year, I've been discussing many times about the role of reading and writing in a creative process and future thinking. Does reading/writing lead to concrete actions (execution) or rather, make you just sink deeper into the world of abstractions and speculations?

    For me reading and writing are fertilizers for creative future thinking. Written words do not just connect us to ideas and abstractions, they connect us to people and actions. The pessimistic views that the web is making us dumber often ignore the fact that we can actively affect the evolution of digital environments and the way we communicate in them.

    Written words (either fiction or factual, digital or ink on paper) lead to constructive reflection and reflection leads to action. In the process, future thinking turns into concise thoughts and concrete actions. At the same time, opening our future horizon by reading or writing helps us to generate and nurture our personal future seeds.

    For me reading and writing are fertilizers for creative future thinking. Written words do not just connect us to ideas and abstractions, they connect us to people and actions.

    Everyone's creativity is different. We all have different ways to fuel our creative thinking. When reading a book about neuroscience, writing a tweet or watching a basketball match we take something in and turn it into something else that affects our thinking and actions. External turns into internal and then it turns into external again.

    Everyone has her own path to active creativity. Everyone has her own way to make her creativity matter. Those who truly embrace diversity as a condition for creative future thinking, are able to appreciate different practices and methods that support creativity. What are your methods that help you to expand your personal future horizon and find new ways to take actions that matter?

    Feel free to participate the ongoing conversation @ Futureful blog.

    2011 is upon us, let's keep our creative fluids going!

    Photo by qisur
    Wed, Jan 26, 2011  Permanent link

    Sent to project: Polytopia
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    Every thread sings singularity, together they make a melody...

    Some short reflections and thought sketches (or the micro-evolution of ideas revealed part 2, if you will).

    * In the real-time web perception becomes reality. Information and experiences have to be provided in snack-sized portions to catch the attention of "infoholics". There is less and less time to digest things, to synthesize knowledge, to delve deeper into anything. Or is this just an illusion caused by still undeveloped yet constantly evolving methods, techniques and practices?

    * Intentional + Personal + Social + Real-time + Predictive + Ubiquitous = Your-time Web

    * The continuous information flow and demand for continuous multitasking can become stressful, even depressing. How to make sense of the world, how to detect the signal from the noise in one's own rhythm?

    * Real-time web has been driven by technological innovation. Now it’s time to put human being in the center of things. Continuously generated personal data should be used to enhance an individual's digital presence - making it flexible, adaptive and "organic". Your-time instead of Real-time.

    * We learn about the world to predict the future. We learn through play. We play to predict the future. We learn by predicting and continuously testing our predictions.

    * In the past the internet was about information. Today the internet is about relationships. In the future the internet becomes us.

    * When considering our existence as a whole, "virtuality" and "reality" are united. The border between the two, when it comes to digital realities, remains in tact as long as we will have "interfaces" between our minds and digital virtualities (that are designed by other than ourselves). Thus we are today (and tomorrow) dealing with entities (e.g. companies, non-profit-organizations, individuals) that create these interfaces to digital realities (according to their own intentions, values etc.). These mediators affect the current representations of our multilinear selves (e.g. Facebook, Twitter, WoW) and the ongoing transformation in a significant way. The interesting question is, what are our true possibilities to affect our own digital representations and emerging realities, that is, our future selves.

    * An individual’s digitized and networked existence - as multilinear narratives - is exposed to her own interpretation and to others’ interpretation in multiple environments simultaneously. The process of self-reflection is affected by the individual’s own perception of herself and her activities... in addition to her perception of others’ reception of herself.

    * At first, collective intelligence is an attitude - and then it transforms into a state of mind.

    * Memories of past are fiction, always fabricated. The future is fiction before it actualizes and immediately after it has happened.

    * We actively create meanings for the things and systems. Simultaneously, we create meaning by creating things and systems.
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    My full-length article "FutureSelf: Emerging digitized life patterns and a personal future simulation system" was just published in acknowledged Futures, The journal of policy, planning and futures studies (Volume 42, Issue 9, November 2010, Pages 981-994). The article concentrates on the concept and design framework of a personal future simulation system that enables the creation of personal micro-future scenarios and augmented futures using personal digital data.

    The Abstract

    Unique information sources, available and accessible in digital networked environments, can be used as a data set for the extrapolation of an individual's potential futures. Based on an interactive analysis process, a carefully crafted system using artificial intelligence, data mining processes and behavior adaptive features can generate contextualized interactive personal future simulations in the form of interconnected micro-future scenarios. Micro-future scenarios provide context-sensitive information, alternative future paths and recommendations based on an individual's personal circumstances and her environment. The emerging future narrative can be delivered effectively by using different communication channels and methods in digital environments. The system aims to enhance an individual's awareness of the consequences of her existence by connecting her personal and social actions to a wider social, cultural, political, economical and ecological context.

    Keywords: Future simulation; Micro-future scenario; Personal futures; Future design; Personal digital data; Interactive narratives

    Download a free pre-print version of the article (1.2 MB, pdf)

    The whole Futures article with figures can be found in ScienceDirect (Futures Journal).
    Thu, Nov 4, 2010  Permanent link

    Sent to project: Polytopia
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    How do we make sense of our futures? How do we experience the presence of multiple possible futures? Does the variety of potential alternative futures overwhelm us, or is it so that we can’t even begin to comprehend their existence?

    Potential of everyday maybes

    Haruki Murakami writes in his novel Pinball, 1972: “The past and the present, we might say, 'go like this.' The future is a 'maybe'.”

    Human beings are making predictions all the time. We are constantly surrounded by “maybes” but we can handle them quite fluently, even casually. As neuroscientist Chris Frith puts it: “ brain can predict what signals my eyes and ears should be receiving... My brain is continuously and automatically predicting the best movements for the actions I might need to perform.”

    One could say that our perception of reality is itself a prediction. We see what we expect to see. Our experienced reality is a personal and subjective model of reality that we create - both consciously and "unconsciously". The same applies to more complex behavior such as social interaction. We seek to understand each other’s thoughts by creating predictive models based on the learned effects of our interactions. All the while, we are constantly testing our predictions by action and simulation. In many ways our predictions, expectations and intentions are guided by our prior hypotheses, models that make “our actions happen to us”.

    It is fascinating to think of the enormous (infinite?) amount of everyday “maybes”, that go completely unrecognized and unnoticed, and thus never become anything at all. Most of the time, we are not much bothered about the future of our day-to-day existence. Regular routines and abiding models help consolidate our sense of control. Because of them, we feel comfort that we can more easily predict (and deal with) what happens next and what the future will be like.

    Nano-, micro- and macro-futures

    We operate constantly in nano-, micro- and macro-future spaces. Nano-future predictions are made by our brain even though we are not consciously aware of them. Micro-futures, along with macro-futures comprise our personal observable and recognizable future horizon.

    Our brain is embedded with models of our everyday routines and actions. The brain predicts possible nano-future states of our environment and ourselves in everything we do (e.g. when picking up a pencil, keeping the balance when riding a bike, mastering the choreography of eating while talking to a colleague during lunch). Nano-future predictions happen automatically. They don’t necessarily require conscious thinking, yet they are fundamental building blocks of our effortless existence.

    Micro-futures are consciously comprehended possible future states. They require a level of recognition and assessment on our behalf. They can include activities and events that we anticipate to happen at certain time interval (i.e. second, minute, hour, day). Micro-future predictions usually require conscious thinking and reflection even though we might be acting according to a strong and familiar behavioral pattern.

    Social interaction consists of both nano- and micro-future predictions. In social interactions we anticipate things even when we are not conscious of it. Nano-future predictions affect everything from our body language, to our facial expressions and vocal intonations. On the other hand, we also construct more complex predictive mental models of others to convey our message or when we try to understand another person. We then use these models to, for example, empathize and communicate more effectively.

    Personal macro-futures span longer periods that consist of multiple wider scale events and developments. Macro futures can include longer term plans for attaining some goal or executing a plan (e.g. learning a desired special skill). Personal macro-futures can be seen as superstructures of our future-thinking that orient our longer-term expectations.

    By enhancing our awareness of possible futures, we can open up the future horizon for creative and reflective thinking

    Nano-futures belong to the realm of unconscious. They are something, that we can’t consciously affect without extra effort. Micro- and macro-futures can be affected by our conscious activities. By enhancing our awareness of possible alternative micro- and macro-futures, we can open up the future horizon for creative and reflective thinking. To do this, we need to enhance our methods to make micro- and macro-futures more observable.

    Opening the future

    Even though our brains are the most powerful of all prediction engines, we still adapt behaviors that help limit our need to contemplate all possible alternative micro- and macro-futures. While this is an effective coping mechanism, it inherently leads to a bias of seeing only the futures that are already familiar to us. However, if we were able to better exercise and fine-tune our 'futures understanding', it would empower us to become more aware of the things that really affect our futures in the present. We could discover new things about ourselves and the world around us, and could more proactively shape our future through the present. Simply put, we could make better and more sustainable decisions.

    So how can we enhance our ability to recognize alternative futures, to see beyond day-to-day routines and familiar models? How could we use the information flows around us to explore our possible micro- and macro-futures? How to expand personal future horizon? We need to be actively bombarded with alternatives that challenge our models of subjective reality. Alternative futures can be exposed when we confront surprising things or recognize previously unnoticed factors of our everyday life.

    Today’s digital technologies and virtual realities can offer us new ways to explore personal futures. Using interactive analysis process (e.g. data mining, natural language processing), predictive computing, adaptive interfaces and personal digital information it has become possible to provide new insights about our micro- and macro-futures (current technologies don’t allow us to enter the realm of nano-futures without obtrusive devices).

    Today’s digital technologies and virtual realities can offer us new ways to explore personal futures

    In the same way as our brain simulates actions and creates models to predict the future, we could use digital technologies to simulate personal futures. These predictive digital simulations would thus expand our own simulation capacity. Future-oriented digital applications - using our personal and social information - could provide tangible and comprehensible cues about the future. They could enable discovering new relevant and interesting things, people, places and events, both in the internet and in the real world.

    By extending the simulation capacity of our brain we can open up the future horizon in new inspiring and playful ways. Future-oriented and human-centered virtual spaces could let us safely explore and reflect our alternative futures in our own time and rhythm. We would be in control even though we would go beyond the familiar. And thus we would become more aware of the alternatives, the everyday maybes that have so far remained unnoticed and unexplored. By realizing the potential of everyday maybes, the exploration of personal futures could hopefully be turned into a rich resource that helps us to build and develop a more sustainable, ethical and open-minded world.

    How do you open up your future horizon? Or how would you use predictive technologies and interfaces to enhance your perception of possible futures?

    (Great and inspiring comments related to the article also found in here)
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    Here comes a collection of thought sketches (or the microevolution of ideas revealed, if you will).

    Everyone has their own personalized “interface” to the reality. It’s build through the personal interpretation of it. In the future, the information interfaces will adapt to one’s personal interpretation of the reality.

    At the moment we are mapping connections between people, things, events, places and times in real-time. Soon we will be predicting connections between people, things, events, places and times in real-time.

    Discovery is not about perfect relevancy. It is all about making sense of the world at a given point of time. Discovery is an insight or a revelation about something that exist or will exist in the future.

    Through real-time connectedness – or hyperconnectivity – even our personal thoughts and actions become networked actions. Our identity is constructed by our networked interactions. However, at the same time everything cannot be conveyed to others – and also those things make us who we are.

    Hyper-personalization paradigm is flawed. We want to reach beyond what we know, anticipate or understand. We want to reach beyond ourselves, continuously widen our future horizon.

    The meanings of probable, possible and desirable futures are negotiated with one’s social sphere in a given context. We can make our futures shine through the shared imagination.

    Without the cultural and semantic metastructures we would have formless forms, colorless colors, meaningless meanings… Any (intentional) social action – taken out of its context of collective social activity – loses its meaning and intention.

    Personal and collective futures become stories. Personal and collective stories become realities.

    Futureseeds do not grow in isolation. We make them happen, we make them thrive.

    I want to thank @wildcat2030, @notthisbody and @VenessaMiemis for interesting and inspiring openings.
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    In Hanif Kureishi's book The Buddha of Suburbia (1990), the main character Karim expresses quite an intelligible thought considering the occasionally fragile relationship between traceable human thought and an explicit human action:

    "Sometimes you can't tell when you've said something or just had it in your head."

    This sentence made me think of the qualities and characteristics of social web and its influence on an individual's future horizon. In these environments people are encouraged to actively share their thoughts, ideas, intentions and actions. Through social web we make our internal and external life - at least into some extent - explicitly visible to ourselves as well to others. Active self-expression and constant participation makes us visible in social web. In social web, you are what you share and how you interact with others. A legitimate conclusion or a fatal reduction?

    Through digitized activity we generate and create (more or less) public archives of our personal life. We have had diaries, tape recorders, digital (video) cameras and personal notebooks before but in the era of social web, everything happens publicly in real time. The visibility of our personal multilinear existence is not tied to any given time, device, media or location.

    Our lives are archived in unprecedented ways - both when it comes to extent, form, content or accuracy. And because of that you can go back to your Facebook profile, blog or Twitter stream and see what you have said, thought, done or merely intended to do yesterday, last Monday or a month ago. And thus, referring to Kureishi's book, you can feasibly tell whether you have "said" it or not. No vagueness or ambiguity involved, as you have a digital record of your past activities.

    Furthermore, in social web also the reactions of one's social sphere are preserved for later scrutiny. Thus an individual can easily find out what a friend, colleague or an occasional Tweeter is thinking (or what they might think) about the color of her shirt, the quality of her previous blog post or the gig that she attended last week.

    Through real-time connectedness - or hyperconnectivity - even our personal thoughts and actions become networked actions. In the process, an individual’s digitized existence is exposed to her own interpretation - as well as to others’ interpretations - in multiple environments simultaneously. Our (almost) real-time knowledge and awareness about others and their perception of ourselves affects the way we interact and exist in the world. This knowledge affects the way an individual will observe and interpret herself. In essence, this will particularly affect the way she perceives her personal future horizon. Consequently, new practices and forms of self-reflection will emerge though the emerging digital interfaces to our existence - to ourselves.

    Because of our digital existence, we are able to know what we said and thought at a given time with a certain accuracy. And we also know what others thought and said about our thoughts or activities. And this "knowing" affects the way we will behave now and in the future. In digital sphere, thoughts and expressions become networked actions, and they will significantly shape our personal futures. And thus, the analysis of visible thoughts and networked actions, might be the key to better understand ourselves and our futures.
    Thu, Apr 22, 2010  Permanent link

    Sent to project: Polytopia
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    The more we can find out about the future, the more keenly we tend to try to understand its unfolding possibilities. We are continuously inspired and activated by our perception of future. At the same time, the future is something very abstract and vague. So, can the future be made more intelligible and more concrete at the same time?

    I've been always fascinated by the stories and narratives. Our collective and personal stories - now available in the realms of networked environments - provide amazing views to the all imaginable aspects of human life. Through these shared stories we can approach and wonder the rich fabric of human life, the reality which consists of intertwined and intrinsic systems, individuals, networks, societies, ecosystems, universes… We construct and modify ourselves through the fabric of networked, multilinear narratives.

    Future thinking is hardwired in our brains and in our behavior in various ways. We react to our present condition and reality by trying to anticipate the consequences of our actions and their effects on our surrounding systems - and to ourselves. Additionally, in the age of networked culture, the objects and systems around us can be seen to react to our future expectations, hopes, wishes, goals and aims. In digital sphere, through our personal digital trails and networks, it becomes possible to map the connections and activities that are relevant regarding our personal futures.

    Future thinking is not always conscious or driven by rational thought. Quite on the contrary. Possible, probable and desirable futures loom in the proximity of our personal and collective center of the future gravity. We might acknowledge the existence of alternative futures yet they remain unknown since we experience only one future (out of the many) that actualizes and becomes part of our experienced reality. In our everyday lives, the images of these alternative futures remain uncertain and vague, even incomprehensible. Would it be possible to make futures more comprehensible and accessible?

    Today, we have access to an unprecedented amount of versatile personal and social data. By analyzing and processing this rich material, consisting of records about the past and present, we could provide unique insights on the future. By simulating the future, the images of the future could be made more concrete, more accessible, more informative and even entertaining. A new dimension of human experience would be created through such a playground of possible futures.

    I would even say that we might seriously need a "playground" to explore both our personal and collective futures. So many times we constrain our future thinking due to the basic routines, unnecessary prejudices or restrictive assumptions. Exploring futures through an interactive simulation could be the first step to release the hidden potential of our personal and collective futures.

    An interactive playground of futures would provide us a concrete call to action - an invitation to actively think and shape our futures. What do you think?
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    Today, future-oriented acts and thoughts are exposed to personal and collective interpretation and analysis in an unprecedented manner through various digital environments and channels. Digital technologies and networked environments provide new environments and techniques for archiving, recording and experiencing the past and the present. Additionally, they may provide new unique methods to analyze, anticipate and even experience possible futures.

    Personal futures become visible in new ways when an individual stores and shares her life patterns and future-oriented thinking (i.e. intentions, hopes, fears, wishes, goals) in digital environments. In essence, personal futures can be approached in new ways - and possibly anticipated in an unprecedented manner - when we analyze the explicit, digitized manifestations of future thinking and other available personal digital information. By combining these diverse digital patterns we can reach for our personal and collective futures.

    The center of future gravity becomes accessible through our physical and non-physical multilinear existence. It is manifested in personal and collective narratives (e.g. conversations, status updates, microblog/blog posts, personal messages, emails, photos) both intentionally and unintentionally. One's social sphere and other systems and entities (cultural, societal, economical, ecological "ecosystems") affect the center of future gravity both implicitly and explicitly.

    Through the continuously fluctuating yet detectable center of future gravity, we are drawn to objects and entities as well as other objects and entities are drawn towards ourselves. The future is transformed from virtualized abstraction to concrete reality through shared narratives. Personal and collective futures (intentions, hopes, fears, wishes etc.) become narratives. Personal and collective narratives become realities.

    The mass of personal information, gathered and constructed by humans and machines alike, is nothing in itself; it remains silent and dead without analysis and interpretation. Information - containing the seeds of the future - has to be processed into perceivable and desirable patterns that become meaningful through personal and collective experience, through continuous contextualizing and recontextualizing. In the process, we can become more aware of our possible, probable and desirable futures.

    The virtualized futures can be made part of one’s sense-reality as an enriched narrative experience that enables problematizing, envisioning and playful speculation of possible, probable and desirable futures. Through an adaptive and intelligent personal future simulation system, we could recognize, reflect and explicitly affect our own center of future gravity. Furthermore, we could enhance our awareness of the consequences of our existence by connecting personal and collective actions to a wider social, cultural, political, economical and ecological context.

    Next: micro future scenarios and the virtual futures...
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    Contemporary human being exists inherently in several environments simultaneously; one’s personality is being visible in multiple environments and channels at the same time. This information about oneself is available with or without one’s awareness or intention. On the other hand, different media environments and interaction methods create social spaces where one can observe the activity of others, taking place both in non-physical and physical worlds.

    Today’s digital media environments are under constant change; continuously updating and changing media contents and elements, and their complex visual, textual and associative relationships form ever-changing unique patterns for endless interpretation. Thus the interpretation of one’s status-message, photo or blog entry can vary depending on the other contents that are visible simultaneously in the same context. Different types of narrative patterns become intermingled in this huge dynamic jigsaw puzzle, in which every piece can change in form, style, meaning and function.

    Multiplicity of emerging personal digital narratives

    Consequently, the identity of an individual is constructed, maintained and developed simultaneously in several socially orientated environments. The representation of one’s identity depends on the particular environment and its functional dimensions since different environments serve different purposes as social realities. An individual’s existence and identity becomes visible through observable and accessible linear or nonlinear narratives that exists as fragments or concisely constructed storylines depending on the given environment (e.g. Google search results, Twitter status stream, Facebook activity history, photo blog). The context of a narrative affects its meanings and possible interpretations.

    All the public and private digitized material deriving from various sources (e.g. one’s profile in Facebook’s profile information, Google search results, Twitter’s micro-blog entries, blog entries, the list of material borrowed from the public library) can and could potentially be used to observe an individual’s existence and activities. Digitized information enables the (re)constructing of concise, comprehensible narratives about an individual. When a person is leaving traces in several digital domains simultaneously, her personality has multiple instances and forms of existence at the same time. Consequently, a person can use these emerging narratives as channels for self-expression.

    With all this in mind, I will propose the concept of multilinear existence which means that an individual becomes visible to others and herself through multiple, linear and nonlinear narratives which exists simultaneously in various dynamic environments. An individual can be seen as a nexus of a parallel yet distinguishable emerging narratives; through these narratives she can be seen as a nexus for various instances of her personality and identity. Multilinear existence is layered existence, consisting of interconnected intrinsic narrative elements that exist both in physical and non-physical environments. Through multilinear existence, unique patterns of human behavior and social practices will emerge. We must understand the meaning, value and importance of this new form of human existence as it substantially affects our future way of living.

    The effects of reconfigured existence

    Multilinearity of existence will affect to basic needs and possibilities of personal expression; it will have an effect on sociocultural behavior, structures and manifestations of the whole society. We must be able to evaluate and analyze the environments and channels of existence in order to analyze the essence and influence of multilinear existence. Furthermore, multilinear existence will affect the design of new artifacts in virtual worlds as well as in the real world. As the importance of non-physical, digital realms increases in ways never seen before, the role of the design of these environments thrives as well. Developers and designers are constantly affecting the mental processes of the human being relative to introspection, social orientation, social awareness and social behavior. At the moment, new unique methods of engagement and technologies of interaction are being designed, developed and tested. Different methods of co-design and co-creation are utilized to let the people actively participate to the development of new products, services and environments. All in all, multidisciplinary design teams will define and design the experience of multilinearity in co-operation with the ordinary people.

    Thus I’ll suggest and emphasize that today and in the future designers are not just designing applications, services, products or devices; designers are also designing future users, customers, clients, their models of behavior and expanded mode of existence – the future human being with a multilinear existence. In the future, the design of virtual environments will have more and more impact on an individual’s experience of reality as a whole. Designers have to be aware of the values affecting their design choices and solutions in general. The influences of design patterns fluctuate back and forth from the physical world to the non-physical environments and vice versa.

    I have written more about the characteristics and qualities of multilinear narratives and existence in my MA Thesis FutureSelf: Reflections on a Personal Future Simulation System (University of Art & Design Helsinki). My research work around the topic continues - more will follow.
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