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Jong Hwa (Duly) Lee (39)
NYC_LAX_ICN_PTY, PA
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    Expand(i)ble Hydrophilic Pavilion
    Credits:
    as makeSHIFT:NOW
    Jong Hwa Duly Lee (principal)
    w/ Mario Alberto Zapata + Zaira Lorena Gutierrez
    & Satoru Sugihara (computation consultant)

    Kuna Yala, Panama 2011
    latitude: 9° 46’ S longitude: 78° 98’ W
    average temperature: 27.0° C (80.6° F)
    Beneficiary: Kuna Indigenous People


    The San Blas Kunas do not have a systematized method to procure potable water. This is ironic since in Panama it rains heavily due to its tropical climate. In fact the Kunas drive their motor boats to the river mouth and fetch unclean water. They waste fuel for transportation and burn incredible amounts of material in order to boil water. In the islands, where gasoline price is inflated and with limited resources, it is counter-productive to continue this practice. Our project aims at resolving this problem locally by empowering the Kunas with passive green technologies at the same time adhering to their cultural traditions and materials.


    Scenario:
    _The Kunas are considered one of the most resilient indigenous tribes in the Americas.
    _Transformation of the traditional thatched roof by tiling discarded Tetra Pak cartons for collection and filtration of rain as potable water source.
    _Combination of various independent collectors to create a public gathering space for the community.



    CONTEXTUAL AND AESTHETIC IMPACT - PROFICIENCY

    Made of tiled salvaged TetraPak cartons, the funnel is modeled to breath like a cheap enlarged version of Gore-Tex. The qualities of TetraPaks protect from sunlight and provide a watertight surface; the simple mechanics of the hanging scaled-cartons allow the surface to be a breathable membrane that lets air through. The aesthetics of the project does not attempt at a novel presence in the context of Kuna-townscape, but only aims to facilitate a need by material language that is already present.




    INNOVATION AND TRANSFERABILITY - PROGRESS

    The project serves various scales: as a single-unit rain collecting tower and/or as aggregated multiple unit clusters that make up the “pavilion”. Each unit collects, stores and filters rainwater for the community. Most of the materials which comprise the function of the project (except for the UV device) are either locally sourced or found from recycled trash. The posts that hold up the structure come from salvaged palm trunks, a renewable resource, and the rain collecting surface is made from used TetraPak cartons arranged in a specific manner. Each building component was designed with the idea of “temporality” and facilitates future transportation and re-assembly of the project. The rain collecting surface can be collapsed very easily due to its monofilament wiring that is storable in one bundle, and of TetraPak cartons that can be unclipped and packed together without great effort. Even the UV device is attached with velcro belts that make it easy to configure it somewhere else.






    ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY AND RESOURCE EFFICIENCY - PLANET
    The project offers a sustainable solution to the task of harvesting potable water. By eliminating the need to travel distances and by enabling water collection locally, it saves human labor and time, and most importantly the use of gasoline. The UV filter runs on solar power which saves burning material that otherwise can be used to cook food. The project functions as a pavilion and it creates a shaded public area for communal activities that also provides clean potable water for the residents.








    ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE AND COMPATIBILITY - PROSPERITY

    Microbial pollution of water is one of the principal causes of life-threatening diseases in the developing world. Ultraviolet light is increasingly a viable alternative for disinfection of water. A UV-based disinfection system can be sustainable from 40 users and above in areas with poor water quality and lacking an electrical grid and distribution network, with a monthly fee of $2. The project creates a long-term sustainable system that use local renewable energies to provide a basic need - water.





    ETHICAL STANDARDS AND SOCIAL EQUITY - PEOPLE

    It is estimated that in Panama people that form a part of any of the six local ethnic groups are all experiencing something in common: 98.5% in poverty, 89.7% in extreme poverty. The project aims to empower the Kunas with passive technologies to procure clean potable water, locally, without the burden of expending valuable resources to transport and disinfect water. Kunas in the islands live by means of fishing and agriculture, and it is incredibly wasteful to spend their money on inflated gas prices to operate their boats especially for collecting water from river mouths. Once the project is in place, it will rid the need to travel distances to fetch water, as well as the need to burn wood to boil and disinfect water. Accessible clean water will enable more activities that will increase sustainable cultural practices. From the inception to actualization of the project, the Kuna community is collectively involved in decision-making, material sourcing and construction processes.




    ++
    submitted to holcimawards.org 2011
    submitted to think-space.org - Ecological Borders: YUmen[eco]tec-pharming



    "We must remember that man is a paradoxical nature: he is one with nature, but he is a completely unique animal inasmuch as he can become conscious of his position and inasmuch as he can influence nature in an enormous and sometimes terrifying way. Whether we like it or not, it is quite clear that hence forward we have to take responsibility for what is happening on our planet, because if we don't take responsibility and if we don't act accordingly to our knowledge of and affection for nature, we shall destroy the ground on which we are living and finish off our species."

    (Aldous Huxley, 1959)

    Mon, Mar 28, 2011  Permanent link

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